What's Happening in Space Policy January 16-20, 2017
Here is our list of space policy events for the week of January 16-20, 2017 and any insight we can offer about them. The Senate will be in session most of the week; the House will be in session only on Friday.
During the Week
The workweek begins on Monday with a federal holiday (Martin Luther King, Jr. Day) and ends on Friday with the inauguration of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States. Friday is not a federal holiday, but government offices and many businesses in the Washington, DC area will be closed. Word of warning if you're coming to DC for any reason this week: the security folks are going to start closing roads on WEDNESDAY in preparation for Friday's inaugural activities. Federal workers in DC are being encouraged by the Office of Personnel Management to telework Wednesday and Thursday because it's going to be very difficult to get around town those days, never mind Friday or Saturday (when protests will continue, including the Women's March on Washington).
Trump will be sworn in at noon on Friday (January 20) and at that point President Obama's political appointees lose their jobs unless they've been specifically asked to stay on. At NASA, Administrator Charlie Bolden and Deputy Administrator Dava Newman are leaving, and Robert Lightfoot, the top NASA civil servant, will become Acting Administrator. (Lightfoot will be speaking at the Maryland Space Business Roundtable in Greenbelt, MD on Tuesday.) Another Obama political appointee, Chief Financial Officer David Radzanowski, has been ask to stay for a while, however. We're trying to get information from NOAA on who will be in charge there at 12:01 pm ET.
No announcements have been made by the Trump transition team as to who they plan to put in place permanently at NASA or NOAA, although there are widespread rumors that Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R-OK) is a top candidate for NASA Administrator. He has been very active legislatively in DOD, NOAA, and FAA space issues (he chairs the Environment Subcommittee of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee and is a member of the House Armed Services Committee), but not much with NASA. He is an advocate of creating a legal and regulatory environment that facilitates the emergence of new commercial space activities, expanding the role of the FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation to include non-military space situational awareness and authorizing in-space activities (not just launch and reentry), and promoting public private partnerships. He spearheaded the creation of the commercial weather data pilot programs at NOAA and DOD, but stresses they are in addition to, not instead of, the government's own weather satellites. His is not the only name circulating as potential Administrator, and he also has been mentioned as a candidate for Secretary of the Air Force, however, so this is not a sure bet. Stay tuned.
At DOD, Secretary of Defense (SecDef) Ash Carter and Secretary of the Air Force Deborah Lee James (and presumably the other service secretaries) are leaving. Trump has announced plans to nominate Gen. James Mattis (USMC, Ret.), 66, as SecDef and the Senate Armed Services Committee has already held his nomination hearing. Space activities did not come up during the open hearing. The committee gave him a set of written questions in advance and four were about space, but were not very newsworthy (they are posted on the committee's website). The Senate and House passed legislation last week allowing him to serve as SecDef even though he retired only 3 years ago and the law requires a 7-year separation. President Obama is expected to sign the bill, clearing the way for Mattis to be confirmed as soon as Trump takes office. Literally. Confirmation votes are expected in the Senate Friday afternoon.
The Senate will continue confirmation hearings this week. Among them are the hearing for Wilbur Ross Jr. to be Secretary of Commerce. The 79-year old billionaire is an investor, company turn-around specialist, and former banker. What views he may hold on NOAA or its satellite activities are unknown. Last week, the Senate Commerce Committee held the nomination hearing for Elaine Chao, 63, to be Secretary of Transportation and it was clear she was not yet up to speed on that department's space-related responsibilities. Which is hardly surprising in either case. Both Commerce and Transportation have very broad portfolios. Space is a minor part of what they do.
By the end of the week, Mattis, Ross and Chao are likely to be confirmed by the Senate for their new positions. Though some of Trump's nominee-designates are controversial, these three do not seem to be among them. Chao has experience in leading federal agencies already, having served as Deputy Secretary of Transportation under President George H.W. Bush and Secretary of Labor under President George W. Bush. Mattis has a long and distinguished military career and was most recently Commander of U.S. Central Command, so clearly has strong leadership skills, but has not run a federal agency. Rumors are that Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work is being asked to stay for a few months to ease the transition. Ross has led businesses, but has no prior government experience (which is not uncommon for Cabinet-level positions). It is interesting to note that outgoing Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker recommended in her "exit memo" that the Commerce Department be "streamlined" into a "Department of Business" as President Obama proposed in 2012, with NOAA and other parts of Commerce transferred elsewhere (NOAA would have gone to the Department of the Interior). With his business focus, one wonders if Ross might advocate for the same thing.
Frank Kendall, the outgoing Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, will give his final speech in that position on Tuesday at CSIS where he will talk about (and sign) his new book "Getting Defense Acquisition Right." Will be interesting to hear what he says about acquisition of space systems, which is expected to be a major topic in Congress this year. The event will be webcast.
On Wednesday, NASA and NOAA will release the latest annual data on global temperatures and discuss the most important climate trends of 2016. That will be done via a media teleconference call. Anyone may listen and see the associated graphics on the NASA Live website (formerly NASA News Audio).
European Space Agency (ESA) Director General Jan Woerner will hold his annual press breakfast at ESA HQ in Paris on Wednesday morning. It's a bit early in the United States (3:00-5:00 am Eastern), but ESA often posts the webcast for later viewing on its website.
Those and other events we know about as of Sunday morning are shown below. Check back throughout the week for ones we hear about later and add to our Events of Interest list.
Monday, January 16
Tuesday, January 17
Wednesday, January 18
Wednesday-Friday, January 18-20
Friday, January 20
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