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Marcia S. Smith’s CRS Publications on the Web
What is CRS?
Marcia Smith’s CRS Reports About Space
Marcia Smith’s Space-Related Testimony to Congressional Committees
What is CRS?
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is a department of the Library of Congress. Unlike other parts of the Library of Congress that primarily serve the public, CRS works exclusively for the members and committees of the United States Congress, providing objective, non-partisan research and analysis on any topic of interest to the Congress. It is essentially a “think tank” for Members and committees who want expert analysis of the issues about which they are legislating, but do not want specific recommendations. The Executive Branch, constituents, lobbyists and many others are not shy about telling Congress what it should do. CRS instead "informs the debate" and helps Congress sort out the alternatives and the pros and cons of various options.
CRS provides a wide range of services to Congress, including publication of general distribution reports that are of broad interest to many Members or committees. By law, however, CRS is not permitted to make these reports available directly to the public; CRS works exclusively for Congress not for the public. However, Members and committees and their staff often make CRS reports available to constituents or other interested parties, and the reports find their way onto the Internet. Organizations such as the National Council for Science and the Environment, the University of North Texas Libraries, and the Center for Democracy and Technology provide access to a large number of CRS reports.
Marcia Smith (the editor of this website) worked at CRS for 31 years (1975-2006) during which time she wrote about 200 reports and articles about the space program, nuclear energy, and telecommunications issues. A few have found their way onto the Internet. In addition, she testified to congressional committees about once a year for many years, and some of that testimony also is available on the Web. The two lists below provide links to her publications or testimonies that concern the space program. She left CRS in 2006, so the information is not current, but may be of interest for historical researchers. Colleagues at CRS took over some of these reports and have written new ones, so for current information, readers may wish to do an Internet search under their topic of interest and “CRS Report” to see what is available.
Marcia Smith’s CRS Reports About Space That Are Available on the Web
(in reverse chronological order)
- U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military and Commercial. June 13, 2006 (Previous version available: November 17, 2005)
- Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD’s SBIRS and STSS Programs. January 30, 2006
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis and Issues for Congress. (with Daniel Morgan) January 24, 2006
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress. (with Daniel Morgan) January 4, 2006
- Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the Space Exploration Initiative. January 4, 2006
- NASA’s Space Shuttle Program: The Columbia Tragedy, the Discovery Mission, and the Future of the Shuttle. January 4, 2006
- China’s Space Program: An Overview. October 18, 2005.
- The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options. (with Sharon Squassoni) Nov. 14, 2005
- Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 108th Congress, 2nd Session. (multi-authored) December 28, 2004
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s FY2005 Budget Request: Description, Analysis and Issues for Congress. (with Daniel Morgan) December 10, 2004
- Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports. Oct. 6, 2003
- China’s Space Program: An Overview. Oct. 21, 2003
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2004 Budget in Brief, and Issues for Congress. April 15, 2003.
- NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress. February 4, 2003 (This report was updated daily during the early phases of investigation of the Columbia tragedy, and less frequently as time went on. Several other versions are available on the University of North Texas website (http://digital.library.unt.edu/govdocs/crs)
- Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 107th Congress, Second Session. (multi-authored) August 22, 2002
- Space Stations. May 16, 2001
- Military Space Activities: Highlights of the Rumsfeld Commission Report and Key Organization and Management Issues. Feb. 21, 2001
- U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military and Commercial. May 11, 2001
Marcia Smith’s Testimony to Congressional Committees Available on the Web
- NASA’s Space Station Program: Evolution of Its Rationale and Expected Uses. Testimony to the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, Subcommittee on Science and Space, April 20, 2005
- Potential International Cooperation in NASA’s New Exploration Initiative. Testimony to the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space, April 27, 2004
- The U.S. Human Space Flight Program and the Space Shuttle Columbia Accident. Testimony to the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee, Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space, April 2, 2003
- NASA’s Space Station Program: Evolution and Current Status. Testimony before the House Science Committee. April 4, 2001