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UPDATE: Adm. Joe Dyer (Ret.), chairman of NASA's Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel, has been added as a witness.
The Space and Aeronautics Subcommittee of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee has scheduled a hearing for next week on lessons learned from Russia's Soyuz launch failure in August and its impact on operations of the International Space Station (ISS).
The hearing will be on October 12, 2011 at 2:00 pm in 2318 Rayburn House Office Building. Three witnesses have been announced so far and more may be added later. NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations Bill Gerstenmaier, Lt. Gen. Tom Stafford (Ret.), and Adm. Joe Dyer (Ret.) are confirmed. Stafford chairs the NASA Advisory Council Task Force on ISS Operational Readiness. Dyer chairs NASA's Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel.
The Soyuz launch failure on August 24 doomed a Russian Progress spacecraft that was intended to take cargo to the ISS. Because the rocket is similar to that used to launch crews to the ISS, Russia delayed future crew launches until the rocket could be recertified for human space travel. Russia's plan is to launch two Soyuz rockets with robotic spacecraft to demonstrate that the rocket is functioning correctly. The first of those successfully launched a Russian navigation satellite on Sunday. The second is scheduled for October 30 with another Progress spacecraft. If that is successful, a launch with three ISS crewmembers is scheduled for November 14.
The launch failure highlighted U.S. dependence on Russia for operations of the ISS. Now that the space shuttle program is terminated, the Soyuz rocket with its Soyuz crew spacecraft is the only way to transport crews to and from the ISS. The Soyuz spacecraft also is used as a lifeboat for the ISS crews, so that even if the shuttle were still operating, crews would only be able to remain aboard the ISS for as long as the shuttle was docked (about two weeks).
Launch of NASA's NPP earth observing satellite has slipped to October 27 from October 25.
NASA's Expendable Launch Vehicle report cites two issues with the Delta 2 rocket as the reason for the delay. A "small crack in a hydraulic tube" caused a leak that has already been repaired and retested. A "flexible fabric collar" also had to be replaced that connects two engine exhaust ducts. That work is underway.
NPP was designed to test new technologies for the since-cancelled National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). Its official name is the NPOESS Preparatory Project, but that has been overtaken by events. With the dissolution of the NPOESS project, NPP now will have to serve as an operational weather satellite in NOAA's polar-orbiting constellation. NOAA's next polar-orbiting satellite, the first of the new Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS), is not expected to be launched until 2016 or 2017. NOAA has repeatedly warned Congress of a potential gap in polar-orbiting weather satellite coverage if sufficient funds are not provide for the JPSS program. The last of NOAA's legacy polar-orbiting satellites, NOAA-19, was launched in 2009.
Today the House passed the Continuing Resolution (CR) to fund the government through November 18.
The measure passed the Senate last week and now is ready for signature by President Obama. The House was only in pro forma session last week and able to pass a CR just for four days (October 1-4). The House resumed regular business this week and passed the CR with little fanfare by a bipartisan vote of 352-66. Government agencies like NASA. NOAA and DOD are funded at 1.5 percent less than their FY2011 levels.
Yesterday's successful Soyuz rocket launch was not only a return-to-flight mission for the launch vehicle, but also fulfilled Russia's goal of restoring its GLONASS navigation satellite system to full operations.
Bob Christy (@Zarya_Info) of the Zarya.info website tweeted today: "GLONASS - the constellation is complete, it was last in this state 15 years ago."
GLONASS is Russia's equivalent of the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS) and requires a constellation of 24 satellites to provide three-dimensional (latitude, longitude, altitude) global coverage. Over the past decade and a half the number of operational satellites dipped to only about half that many. Restoring the system to full, global coverage became a priority for Russian President Dimitri Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. In 2008, Putin signed an executive order adding $2.6 billion to the GLONASS budget to increase the number of satellites from the 16 operational at that time to 30 by 2011.
They hoped to have 24 operational satellites by the end of 2010, but those plans were spoiled by the failure of a Proton launch vehicle carrying three GLONASS satellites last December. That failure was cited as one of the reasons that Russian space agency head Anatoly Perminov lost his job a few months later. Other Russian space officials also reportedly were sacked.
Russia resumed launches of its Soyuz rocket today.
A Soyuz-2 rocket boosted a GLONASS-M navigation satellite into orbit at 20:15 GMT (16:15 EDT) today from Russia's Plesetsk launch site. Everything seems to have gone well according to a report on Ria Novosti. The launch had been scheduled for yesterday (October 1), but was postponed because of bad weather.
There are several versions of the Soyuz rocket. The Soyuz-2 used today is similar, but not identical, to the one that failed in August when launching a Progress cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS). Today's launch is one of two that the Russians are using to recertify the rocket for launching crews to the ISS. Next is another Progress launch later this month on a Soyuz U. If that goes well, Russia plans to launch the next three ISS crewmembers on November 14 on the Soyuz FG version that is used for such missions.
The following events may be of interest in the coming week. For more information, see our calendar on the right menu or click the links below. The House and Senate both are in session this week.
During the Week
On Monday, the House is scheduled to consider S. Con. Res. 29 to grant permission for the Capitol Rotunda to be used on November 16, 2011 as a venue to present the Congressional Gold Medal to Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins and John Glenn. Congress actually granted them the Congressional Gold Medal in August 2009 (P.L. 111-44) in connection with the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 landing on the Moon (Glenn was not part of that mission, but was the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962 and served many years as a U.S. Senator thereafter). This resolution, to "present" the medal to them, was introduced by Senator Bill Nelson on September 23 and passed that body the same day by unanimous consent.
On Tuesday, the House is expected to vote on a Continuing Resolution (CR) passed by the Senate last week to fund the government through November 18. Like the CR that both Houses passed last week that covers October 1-4, it cuts funding for government agencies by 1.5 percent from their FY2011 funding levels. The House must pass some sort of legislation to keep the government operating after midnight on Tuesday, so we are back on "government shutdown" alert once more.
Coincidentally, Tuesday, October 4, is the 54th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik 1 by the Soviet Union, which began the Space Age. The United Nations celebrates that achievement and the space program generally every year with World Space Week, October 4-10.
Monday-Friday, October 3-7
Tuesday, October 4
- Hosted Payload Summit, Grand Hyatt Washington, 1000 H Street, Washington, DC, 7:30 am - 5:00 pm, followed by reception
- Women in Aerospace National Security Space Luncheon featuring Under Secretary of the Air Force Erin Conaton, L'Enfant Plaza Hotel, Washington, DC, 11:00 am - 1:00 pm
In an interview yesterday with WESH TV in Orlando, Florida, President Barack Obama said that he is "committed" to the human spaceflight program.
Filmed at the White House with WESH anchor Jim Payne, the interview focused primarily on jobs in Florida, the Florida economy, and the upcoming election. Regarding the space program, Payne stated that 9,000 jobs were lost when the "manned space program shut down ... and we're not planning to have any more manned spaceflights until 2025." He asked if there was a risk of losing expertise as well as public support by waiting so long to "put men back into space."
Somewhat surprisingly, the President did not correct him either by pointing to the commercial crew flights that are supposed to begin around 2015-2016, or mentioning ongoing operations of the International Space Station (ISS). Commercial cargo flights to ISS should begin next year from Florida.
Instead, President Obama responded that "I am absolutely committed to manned spaceflight," but we are in a time of transition and "probably should have done a better job of planning this out 20 years ago." To make the "next leap" to go not just to the "Moon, but maybe Mars," he said that technology needs to be revamped and launch vehicles improved. He did not mention human trips to asteroids, the destination he proclaimed in Florida last year.
The President told Payne that he decided "to emphasize human spaceflight. That's part of what makes America great and it sparks the imagination" here and around the world. But there needs to be time to develop "new technologies, more effective rockets" and learn how to build environments so people can remain in space for longer periods of time. There will a "huge amount of investment" in those areas, he continued, and the people at NASA are the experts. So even though "the shuttle program has been suspended ... we are trying to figure out how [to] move ... engineers, scientists and technicians ... into these new projects to develop that next stage of human spaceflight."
The shuttle program has not been "suspended," of course, but terminated.
The interview is available on the WESH website; this part begins at minute 4:00 of Part I. (Scroll down to where you see two video links side-by-side; the video at the top of the page is a news story about the interview, not the interview itself.)
UPDATE 2: LIFTOFF!
UPDATE: Thanks to Alan Boyle for pointing us to China's English language live coverage of the launch at http://english.cntv.cn/live/.
China's Tiangong-1 (Heavenly Palace) experimental space station module is still set for launch this morning between 9:16 and 9:31 EDT (9:16-9:31 pm Beijing time).
Xinhua reports that the fleet of tracking ships are in their assigned locations to monitor the launch of the Long March IIF rocket.
The module is essentially a docking target for three Shenzhou spacecraft that will be launched over the next two years. The first two (Shenzhou 8 and 9) will be unoccupied, while the third will have at least one crew. Xinhua reported yesterday and today that Shenzhou 10 will carry a female Chinese astronaut ("taikonaut"), which would be a first for China.
China launched its first taikonaut in 2003 on Shenzhou 5 (the first four in the series were unoccupied test flights). In 2005, two taikonauts flew on Shenzhou 6, and in 2008, Shenzhou 7 carried three taikonauts, two of whom conducted China's first spacewalk.
During a speech at the National Press Club today, SpaceX founder, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Technology Officer Elon Musk made what he called an "exciting" announcement - SpaceX will develop a fully reusable space transportation system.
Perhaps more exciting, and a bit surprising in that venue, was his extended discussion of why humanity should become a multi-planet species. Since Mars is the closest comparatively habitable planet, that's where he wants to send people.
But the first step is lowering the cost of launch, and that means reusable rockets, he said. In an animation posted on the SpaceX website (click on the illustration), both stages of the two-stage rocket return to Earth and make a soft landing after completing their tasks of delivering the Dragon capsule to orbit. Dragon is shown docking with the International Space Station (ISS), then undocks and returns to Earth also making a soft landing (similar to how Russia's Soyuz spacecraft lands).
His passion, though, is clearly what he believes low cost launch will enable - "a self sustaining human population" on Mars. He stressed that to him a "little base" of people is "not interesting." He wants large numbers of people to move there permanently. He views it as "life insurance" for our species in the event of a human-made or natural catastrophe.
How much should be spent on this kind of life insurance, he asked? About one quarter of one percent of GDP is about right in his view.
As for those who want to move to Mars, Musk suggested a ticket price of $500,000 per person. By the time such a possibility is available, he forecast there would be 8 billion people on the planet (there are almost 7 billion now) and if only "one in a million" could afford the price and wanted to go, that would be 8,000 people right there.
After a speech that focused on the long-term future, Musk replied to questions that were mostly about the near-term. He expressed gratitude to NASA, saying that SpaceX would not be where it is today without the agency's support. The Air Force was another matter. Saying he was surprised the Air Force did not have more interest in SpaceX, he lamented the fact that the Air Force plans to extend its contract with the Boeing-Lockheed Martin United Launch Alliance until 2018 because of concerns about preserving the industrial base. "For some reason we're not included in the industrial base," he asserted, even though SpaceX rockets are American-made while the Atlas 5 uses Russian rocket engines and other non-U.S. hardware.
As for the schedule of upcoming launches to the ISS, he said that the next Falcon 9 flight might be delayed to January because of the rescheduling necessitated by the failure of Russia's Soyuz launch vehicle last month.
In response to a question of just how quickly Falcon 9 and Dragon could be put into service to take crews to ISS, Musk said they could do so on the next flight if the safety requirements were the same as those for the space shuttle. The shuttle did not have an escape system for the crew during ascent, and neither does Dragon at the moment. SpaceX is developing such a system however - NASA and SpaceX agree that should be a requirement. He said it would take two or three years for SpaceX to design and certify the system, which he described as innovative because the thrusters will be on the sidewall of the capsule and thus could be used for a soft landing on Earth as well.
China was also a topic of conversation. No mention was made of China's successful launch of its first experimental space station module this morning. Instead, Musk responded to a question about who are his main competitors. China, he said, adding that it is difficult to compete with a government that subsidizes its industry, "but we think we'll win."
Editor's Note: the adjective "toe tapping" with reference to the animation was deleted after reflection.
NASA's Office of Inspector General (OIG) sharply criticized NASA's management of a project to replace space radiation monitoring equipment on the International Space Station (ISS).
In a report released today, the OIG asserted that "NASA has poorly managed the development of replacement radiation monitoring instruments" needed aboard the ISS to monitor the level of space radiation to which ISS crewmembers are exposed. Such instruments were placed on the ISS between 2000 and 2002, but need to be replaced because of age or malfunctions. NASA initiated a project to do so in 2008, but because of its poor management, the replacements "are costing more than expected, are behind schedule, and will not include all planned elements."
The OIG also discovered that NASA "has never monitored astronaut exposure to neutrons" as required by the ISS Medical Operations Requirements Document (MORD).
One corrective action recommended by the OIG was that the ISS Program Manager ensure that NASA's project management policy is followed and that projects are not implemented "until managers demonstrate projects are properly anchored by firm requirements, realistic cost and schedule estimates, sufficient funding, and successful completion of a Preliminary Design Review." However, the report states that the Assistant Associate Administrator for ISS disagreed that a PDR is needed before implementation or that the project was poorly managed. He did agree, however, to review how the cost and schedule estimates and assumptions about technology readiness were developed to see what improvements can be made. The OIG report lays out its case for concluding that a PDR is necessary and the project was poorly managed and states that it does "not understand NASA's rationale for insisting otherwise."
The OIG also recommended that the Director of Space Life Sciences at Johnson Space Center determine whether the MORD requires updating with regard to monitoring the spectra of charged particles. The ISS Assistant Associate Administrator concurred with that recommendation.
Events of Interest
Full calendar of future events (with filters)-click here »
- Legal Subcommittee of UN Cmte on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS), March 27-April 7, 2017, Vienna, Austria
- NASA Advisory Council (NAC) Technology, Innovation & Engineering (TI&E) Cmte, March 28, 2017, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 8:00 am - 5:00 pm ET (WebEx/telecon)
- ISU-DC Space Cafe Featuring SWF's Brian Weeden, March 28, 2017, Cotton & Reed, 1330 5th St., NE, Washington, DC, 7:00 pm ET
- NAC Human Exploration & Operations Cmte, March 28-29, 2017, NASA HQ, Washington, DC (WebEx/telecon)
- Natl Acad of Sci (NAS) Space Science Week, March 28-30, 2017, National Academy of Sciences bldg, 2100 C St., NW, Washington, DC
- HASC Sbcmt Hrg on Threats to Space Assets and Implications for Homeland Security, March 29, 2017, HVC 210 Capitol, Washington, DC, 2:00 pm ET (usually webcast)
- NAS Public Lecture by Kevin Hand of JPL on Search for Life in Oceans Beyond Earth, March 29, 2017, National Academy of Sciences bldg, 2100 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC, 7:00-8:00 pm ET
- NAS Cmte on Space Radiation Effects Testing Infrastructure, March 29-31, 2017, Keck Center, 500 5th St., NW, Washington, DC
- ISS Spacewalk, 2 of 3 (Kimbrough and Whitson), March 30, 2017, approx 7:00 am ET (NASA TV coverage begins 6:30 am ET)
- Space Policy for the Next Generation (Mitchell Inst), March 30, 2017, Capitol Hill Club, 300 1st St, SW, Washington, VA 8:00-9:00 am ET (preregistration required)
- SASC Hearing on Heather Wilson's Nomination to be SecAF, March 30, 2017, G50 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC, 9:30 am ET (usually webcast)
- Space Situational Awareness: Research for Today, Training for Tomorrow (USRA/GWU-SPI), March 30, 2017, Capitol Hill Holiday Inn, Washington, DC, 1:00-5:00 pm ET
- Space Law at 50: Past, Present and Future (SAIS), March 30, 2017, Kenney-Herter Auditorium, Nitze Building, 1740 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Washington, DC, 2:00-6:00 pm ET
- NEW SpaceX 1st Launch of Flight Proven Falcon 9, March 30, 2017, Kennedy Space Center, FL, launch window 6:00-8:30 pm ET
- NASA Advisory Council, March 30-31, 2017, NASA HQ, Washington, DC (WebEx/telecon)
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