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The tough budget environment that lies ahead for agencies like NASA, NOAA and DOD that are part of the government's discretionary spending became clear in the annual budget guidance put out by the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Wednesday.
OMB issues guidance to all the federal departments and agencies about this time each year as they prepare to submit their funding requests to OMB for review. The federal government's fiscal year (FY) is from October 1 - September 30. FY2011 is coming to a close and Congress is debating the request for FY2012. The President's budget request for FY2013 should be submitted to Congress on the first Monday of February 2012.
Between now and then, the departments and agencies must submit and defend their budget requests through the OMB, which determines how much will be contained in the President's request to Congress. High level issues that cannot be resolved at the OMB level are sent to the President. Typically, agencies submit their budget requests to OMB in late August or early September, OMB replies by issuing its "pass back" around Thanksgiving, and the two negotiate over the final numbers between then and when the budget goes to Congress.
Telling agencies to submit requests that are less than what they previously expected is also fairly standard procedure in recent years unless they are given an exemption. Typically they are told to request five percent less than a certain amount and to also show what the impact would be of a 10 percent cut. That is true this year as well. The key is what base year is used.
Last year, the OMB guidance for FY2012 budget requests was to cut five percent from what OMB projected for FY2012 in the FY2011 request. In NASA's case, for example, in the FY2011 budget request OMB projected $19.45 billion for NASA, so the OMB guidance required the agency to submit a request five percent less than that. Whatever NASA requested is not public, but the end result was a President's request to Congress of $18.72 billion, the same as what the agency received in FY2010 and an increase of $27 million above what Congress provided for FY2011 ($18.45 billion)
This year's guidance, however, tells agencies to submit requests that are five percent less than what they received for FY2011. For NASA, that means five percent less than $18.45 billion, or $17.52 billion. In its FY2012 request, the agency assumed a level budget of $18.72 billion per year for the next five years. Agencies must also show the impact of a 10 percent cut from the FY2011 enacted level, which in NASA's case would be $16.6 billion.
The OMB guidance is just that, guidance, and the beginning not the end of the negotiating process within the administration for what will be included in the President's FY2013 budget request to Congress. It is indicative, however, of the extremely constrained budgetary environment that all discretionary agencies are facing as Congress and the Administration strive to reduce the deficit. Knowing at least in general terms how much money will be available in future years is especially important for agencies like NASA, NOAA and DOD that are involved in projects that take many years to execute like building and launching satellites.
NASA is inviting members of the public to nominate themselves or others to serve on one of NASA's federal advisory committees.
The Federal Register notice sets a deadline of September 20, 2011 for submitting nominations to fill "intermittent vacancies" that occur throughout the year. NASA selects people based on their expertise, knowledge and contribution to the relevant subject area. Procedures for nominating yourself or someone else are in the notice. NASA's federal advisory committees, as listed in the notice, are the following:
- NASA Advisory Council
- Aerospace Safety Advisory Council
- International Space Station Advisory Committee
- International Space Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee
- National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board
Elon Musk, the man behind SpaceX, will be interviewed on National Public Radio's Science Friday program today.
The program airs on NPR stations and on the web from 2:00-4:00 pm EDT. According to the show's program listing, Musk will be the final interview at the end of the second hour.
NASA will announce on Monday the winners in the agency's Technology Demonstration Mission program.
NASA's Office of Chief Technologist is selecting proposals for crosscutting technology demonstrations with the potential to infuse high-impact capabilities into NASA's future space operations missions.
The media teleconference, on August 22, 2011 at 2:00 pm EDT, will be streamed live at http://www.nasa.gov/newsaudio.
China's space program is threatening U.S. space superiority according to a new report from the Heritage Foundation.
A 2010 Chinese test involving two ballistic missile launches that resulted in a deliberate collision, and a 2010 mission where two Chinese satellites "engaged in orbital maneuvers that appears to include 'bumping' into each other" that could be useful for "practicing docking maneuvers or anti-satellite operations" are examples of Chinese activities that cause concern according to the report's author, Dean Cheng.
"The U.S. government needs to take steps to ensure that it maintains the ability to secure space superiority. Such a position of strength is necessary for the Sino-American space relationship to develop along the oft-touted lines of mutual respect and mutual benefit," he continues.
Cheng recommends that the United States must maintain a "robust" military space capability; increase alternatives to space systems to reduce our reliance on them; and increase knowledge of Chinese space capabilities by expanding the pool of people able to analyze China's space capabilities "in the original language." To that latter end, interaction between U.S. and Chinese space experts is "probably both inevitable and necessary" in his view. These interactions should not be "guided by the hope that American openness will be reciprocated," but instead "predicated on efforts at mutual, equitable interaction." Congress therefore should specify the areas where the Department of Defense, NASA and NOAA can and cannot interact with the Chinese, he advised.
The two flights of its Falcon HTV-2 hypersonic test vehicle may not have turned out as planned, but that isn't stopping the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) from working on plans to travel to another star.
Writing in the New York Times today, Dennis Overbye recaps DARPA's 100-year Starship Study through which DARPA will award $500,000 in seed money to an organization to study what it would take "organizationally, technically, sociologically and ethically" to send people on an interstellar voyage. NASA's Ames Research Center is partnering with DARPA on the project. David Neyland, director of technical technology at DARPA, is quoted as saying that the agency is not trying to design an interstellar craft itself, but instead wants to find an organization that will carry the concept forward for the next 100 years with private sector, not government, funding.
The idea is that new technologies would be developed over the decades as the effort unfolds that will be useful to the Department of Defense and NASA. DARPA's announcement of the project last year said that the study "looks to develop the business case for an enduring organization designed to incentivize breakthroughs enabling future spaceflight."
A three-day symposium will be held in Orlando, FL September 30-October 2 to discuss the responses to DARPA's request for information. The meeting is free and open to the public.
The crew of the final space shuttle mission, STS-135, will be on the Comedy Central show The Colbert Report tonight at 11:30 pm EDT.
The show's star, Stephen Colbert, is a fan of the space program, but mostly a comedian. He mounted a write-in campaign to have the last U.S. space station module named after him when NASA had a naming contest. He won, but NASA overrode the vote and named it Tranquillity. Instead, they named a piece of exercise equipment on the space station after him, the Combined Operational Load-Bearing External Resistance Treadmill (COLBERT).
Five Senators from Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana wrote a letter to President Obama on Monday complaining about how NASA is using its FY2011 funding for the Space Launch System (SLS).
The Hunstville Times published the letter, which takes issue with how NASA plans to spend FY2011 funds and for not providing a report required by section 309 of the 2010 NASA Authorization Act. NASA submitted a preliminary version of that "section 309" report in January, but has repeatedly delayed sending the final version. NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden told a House committee in July that it may be fall before NASA is ready to officially announce its plans for the new heavy lift launch vehicle required by Congress.
The SLS is meant to be paired with a crew capsule -- the Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) -- to take astronauts beyond low Earth orbit and to serve as a backup to commercial crew systems that NASA is helping the private sector develop to take astronauts to and from the International Space Station (ISS). NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville is expected to be the lead NASA center working on the SLS.
The letter complains that NASA's FY2011 operating plan shows the agency moving forward with MPCV and commercial crew, but not expeditiously working on the SLS. Saying that the "misallocation" of SLS funds suggests that the Administration "has no intention of properly using appropriated funds," the Senators "insist" that the section 309 report be submitted immediately.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton joined Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta yesterday in warning about the impact on national security if the "congressional supercommittee" does not reach agreement.
Panetta, a former congressman and former Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), as well as former Director of Central Intelligence, made his views clear two weeks ago. He and Clinton, a former Senator, are concerned about the poison pill that was included in the debt limit/deficit reduction deal reached earlier this month. The two spoke at National Defense University yesterday.
The deal implemented approximately $1 trillion in spending cuts over the next 10 years immediately and directed that a 12-person congressional panel -- three Democratic Senators and three Democratic Representatives plus three Republican Senators and three Republican Representatives -- be established to find another $1.2-1.5 trillion in spending cuts by Thanksgiving. The panel has been dubbed a "supercommittee" in the media. Congress is then supposed to have an up or down vote (i.e., no amendments would be permitted) on the supercommittee's recommendations by Christmas.
As an incentive for the group to reach agreement, draconian cuts to discretionary spending would automatically take effect if it does not or if Congress fails to pass whatever it recommends. DOD already is shouldering $350 billion of the initial $1 trillion in cuts. It would have to absorb another $500 billion over 10 years if the supercommittee process fails. The remaining cuts would come from other departments and agencies categorized as discretionary spending, including the State Department -- and NASA and NOAA.
The two cabinet secretaries emphasized the need for the supercommittee to look at all government spending, including entitlement programs, as well as tax increases, rather than cutting only discretionary spending.
The 12 members of the supercommittee have been named. Political observers in Washington are split on whether those 12 individuals are likely to be able to reach a compromise or not, but many express concern about the tight time schedule they must meet. Legislative committees are due to give their recommendations to the supercommittee by October 14. The supercommittee then must make its recommendations by November 23, with voting completed in the House and Senate by December 23.
Events of Interest
- NEW NASA News Conf on Upcoming ISS Crew, August 30, 2016, Johnson Space Center, TX, 2:00 pm ET (1:00 pm localk time) Watch on NASA TV
- NAS Earth Science Decadal Survey's Solid Earth Panel, August 30-31, 2016, Keck Center, Washington, DC
- NEW NASA Spacewalk at ISS, September, 1, 2016, Earth orbit, approx 8:00 am ET (NASA TV coverage begins 6:30 am ET)
- NAS Earth Science Decadal Survey's Hydrology Panel, September 1-2, 2016, Beckman Center, Irvine, CA
- Labor Day (U.S. Federal Holiday), September 5, 2016
- Congress Returns, September 6, 2016
- Natl Aerospace and Defense Workforce Summit (AIAA/AIA), September 7-8, 2016, Capital Hilton, Washington, DC
- STA Luncheon with NASA/JSC Director Ellen Ochoa, September 8, 2016, 2325 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 11:30 am - 1:00 pm ET
- OSIRIS-REx Launch, September 8, 2016, Cape Canaveral, FL, 7:05 pm ET (launch window open until 9:05 pm ET)
- U.S.-Japan Space Cooperation (GWU/Mansfield Fndtn), September 9, 2016, GWU Lindner Family Commons, 1957 E Street, NW, Washington, DC, 9:00 am - 1:00 pm ET
Full calendar of future events (with filters)-click here »
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