Our Hearing Summaries
Two subcommittees of the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee held a hearing on February 12, 2015 on "Bridging the Gap: America's Weather Satellites and Weather Forecasting." Two main themes were how to mitigate against potential gaps in weather satellite coverage if older satellites cease functioning before new ones are launched, and whether NOAA should buy weather data from commercial companies to augment the data acquired by NOAA's own satellites. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on February 15, 2015. Witnesses at the hearing were:
Two additional witnesses were available to answer questions, but did not testify:
The Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) held a hearing on January 28, 2015 on the impact on the Department of Defense if across-the-board cuts known as sequestration return in FY2016, as required under current law. The military service chiefs, including Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Welsh III, testified about the impact on their services. Welsh, and Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert, each mentioned space activities, including space launch infrastructure, as areas that would be adversely affected. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the space-related portions of the hearing on January 28.
The Space Subcommittee of the House Science, Space and Technology (SS&T) Committee held a hearing on December 10, 2014 to discuss the status of the Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion programs. NASA's Bill Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations, and the Government Accountability Office's (GAO's) Cristina Chaplain testified, but what was perhaps more interesting was the absence of NASA Chief Financial Officer (CFO) David Radzanowski who had been invited to appear. NASA and subcommittee chairman Rep. Steve Palazzo (R-MS) have different takes on how that came to pass. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on December 11, 2014 including NASA's explanation for why Radzanowski was not there.
A joint hearing was held on July 16, 2014 between the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee and the Strategic Forces Subcommittee of the Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC). The hearing, Options for Assuring Domestic Space Access, was co-chaired by Sen. Bill Nelson (D-FL) from Commerce and Sen, Mark Udall (D-CO) from SASC. Two main themes were how to cope with the possibility that Russian RD-180 engines might no longer be available because of strained U.S.-Russian relationships over Ukraine and SpaceX's effort to be certified by the Air Force to be awarded launch contracts. Space PolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on July 16.
The Commerce-Justice-Science (CJS) subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee held a hearing on NASA's FY2015 budget request on May 1, 2014. The only witness was NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on May 1, 2014.
The House and Senate Commerce-Justice-Science (CJS) appropriations subcommittees held hearings on the FY2015 budget request for the Department of Commerce on April 9 and April 10, 2014, respectively. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker testified about the full range of Commerce responsibilities, including satellite programs at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Satellites were not a major topic at the House hearing, but in the Senate, questions were raised about whether two of those programs -- COSMIC-2 and SIDAR -- were needed. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of both hearings on April 14, 2014.
The Commerce-Justice-Science subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee held a hearing on NASA's FY2015 budget request on April 8, 2014. Breaking with tradition, the three-and-a-half hour hearing first discussed a different issue -- a National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) report on security at NASA, especially access by foreign nationals to NASA centers. The hearing then moved on to the NASA budget request and the hearing became quite combative between NASA Administrator Bolden and subcommittee members, especially subcommittee chairman Frank Wolf (R-VA). SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of a hearing the same day and updated it on April 14 with comments made by Wolf at an unrelated hearing on April 9 where he said that "maybe everything was not as accurate as was said" the previous day.
The Space Subcommittee of the House Science, Space and Technology Committee held a hearing on NASA's FY2015 budget request on March 27, 2014. NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden was the only witness. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on March 28, 2014 entitled "Bolden Reassures on ISS, Defends ARM, Insists on Commercial Crew."
The House Science, Space and Technology Committee held a hearing on February 27, 2014 on "Mars Flyby 2021: First Deep Space Mission for Orion and the Space Launch System?" The hearing discussed the concept of send two people on a flyby mission to Mars -- via Venus -- in 2021. Witnesses were: Scott Pace, George Washington University; Gen. Lester Lyles (Ret.), consultant; Doug Cooke, consultant; and Sandy Magnus, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Pace and Cooke are former NASA officials; Magnus is a former astronaut. Lyles chairs the National Research Council's Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and has served on or chaired several studies on the future of human spaceflight. SpacePolicyOnline.com published a summary of the hearing on February 28, 2014.
A hearing before the House Intelligence Committee on February 4, 2014 on worldwide threats included discussions about counterspace threats to U.S. space assets as well as a pitch to support the U.S. commercial space sector. Ranking member Dutch Ruppersberger (D-MD) was the committee member who raised these issues in his opening statement and in a dialogue with Director of National Intelligence James Clapper. A SpacePolicyOnline.com summary of the space-related portions of the hearing was published on February 5.